[vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text el_class=”section_intro”]Some Somalis have been transferred to Kenya, the Seychelles and Mauritius to face trial there. These trials are supported by the UNODC. Concerns over access to a fair trial, particularly in Kenya and the Seychelles, have been raised. Lawyers and the Somali defendants have highlighted problems with; interpretation, access to lawyers, evidence available for the defence, payment of the defence counsel and a lack of training of the defence counsel.

The following map shows the extent of Counterpiracy operations in the East Africa region.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”3/4″][show-map id=”2″][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/4″][vc_column_text]

Locations

SEYCHELLES – Mahe 

KENYA – Mombasa 

MAURITIUS – Port Louis 

PUNTLAND – Bosasso 

PUNTLAND – Garowe  

TANZANIA – Dar Es Salaam 

SOMALILAND – Hargeisa 

UK – NORTHWOOD 

DJIBOUTI- Djibouti  [/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class=”donotdisplay mahe”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]In 2010, the Seychelles enacted a statute giving its courts universal jurisdiction to prosecute pirates brought to the Seychelles by other countries. With financial support of UNODC, the Seychelles has built a state of the art prison facility for pirate defendants and convicted pirates. There exist a number of transfer agreements between the Seychelles and the European Union, as well as the United Kingdom.

By March 2013 118 suspects had been handed over to the Seychelles and there have been 14 trials resulting in convictions.

The Seychelles has subsequently transferred a number of convicted pirates back to Somalia and Somaliland to serve their sentences.

RAPPICC (Regional Anti Piracy Prosecution and Intelligence Co-Ordination Centre) opened in 2013 supported bv the United Kingdom, USA, Australia, the European Union (EU) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Their stated goal was to “undermine the piracy business model by bringing pirate leaders, financiers and enablers to justice and depriving them of the proceeds and benefits of their crimes”

In 2014 it shifted its operations to that of ‘transnational crime’ changing their name from RAPPICC to REFLECS-3.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row id=”mahe” el_class=”donotdisplay mombasa”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]Kenya was the first state to agree to accept suspected pirates who were captured outside of their waters for trial and the first suspects were handed over by the US in 2006. On December 11, 2008 a MOU was signed between Kenya and the United Kingdom in which Kenya agreed to receive and prosecute suspected pirates captured in the High Seas by the United Kingdom. This was followed by the signing of MOUs with the United States and the European Union in 2009.

In April 2010, Kenya threatened to renege on its agreements due to a perceived lack of financial support from the international community. The international community responded by funding a $5 million court in Mombasa in June 2010.

In November 2010 a High Court judge ruled that Kenya had no jurisdiction to prosecute pirates captured in international waters but this decision was overturned in 2012

By March 2013 147 suspects had been handed over to Kenya and there have been 18 trials resulting in convictions.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class=”donotdisplay port-louis”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]In 2011 Mauritius signed transfer agreements with the United Kingdom and the European Union that allowed the prosecution of pirates in its national courts under Mauritian legislation.

The European Union has provided a fund of Euro 1,080,000 through the UNODC to implement a short-term assistance package which includes minor infrastructural works at the prison, the Supreme Court and the Police Department and capacity building programme for the police and the judiciary. A further grant of Euro 3 million has also been provided via the 10th European Development Fund.

A new prison wing has been built in in Beau Bassin funded by the EU/UNODC.

A group of 12 suspected pirates were transferred to Mauritius on 25 January 2013 and their trial is ongoing.

Mauritius has signed post-conviction transfer agreements with Somalia.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class=”donotdisplay bosasso”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]The Seychelles and Mauritius have signed agreements with the government of Puntland to transfer convicted pirates back for the duration of their sentence.

UNODC has financed the building of a new prison in Bosasso which will house over 200 inmates.

Over 30 men have been transferred to the prison in Bosasso from the Seychelles[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row id=”mahe” el_class=”donotdisplay garowe”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]In April 2014 a new prison was opened in Garowe for the detention with a capacity of up to 500 inmates. The prison was built with financial support by the UN and the EU.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class=”donotdisplay dar-es-salaam”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]Tanzania signed an MOU with the UK in 2012 allowing the transfer of suspected pirates.

UNODC has provided assistance with infrastructure of the courts and legal system.

In early 2014 amendments were made to the local law to allow the prosecution of suspected pirates arrested outside of territorial waters.

23 suspected pirates have been arrested by Tanzanian forces in their coastal waters[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class=”donotdisplay hargeisa”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]In 2012 the Seychelles signed an agreement with Somaliland to transfer convicted pirates to the prison in Hargeisa.UNODC funded the building of a new maximum-security prison which opened in 2011. A number of men already detained in Somaliland for piracy were transferred here and since it’s opening the Seychelles has transferred 29 convicted pirates to the prison to serve out their sentences.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class=”donotdisplay northwood”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]EU Navfor Headquarters are based here where the counter piracy programme is co-ordinated.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row id=”mahe” el_class=”donotdisplay djibouti”][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text]The main regional base for international counter-piracy forces is located here.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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